a person smiling sitting on a bench and reading about the symptoms and causes of cataracts

What are the Symptoms and Causes of Cataracts?

Cataracts are a very common eye condition in which protein builds up in the lens of the eye, clouding the lens, and making it hard to see clearly. Over 24.4 million people in the U.S. have cataracts and unfortunately, age is the number one risk factor for developing cataracts. By age 80, more than half of all Americans have cataracts. The good news is that cataract surgery is considered a safe and effective procedure with good visual outcomes.

What are the Symptoms of Cataracts?

A cataract develops slowly over time, so you may not experience symptoms right away. As the cataract becomes more dense, you may notice:

  • Cloudy, blurry, or dim vision
  • Trouble seeing at night
  • Sensitivity to light/glare
  • Difficulty reading
  • Seeing “halos” around lights
  • Fading of colors
  • Double vision in a single eye

If you notice any of these symptoms, schedule an appointment with one of our experienced eye doctors or surgeons at Tyson Eye. We’ll perform a comprehensive eye exam, dilate your pupils, and closely examine the lens as well as other parts of your eye to make a diagnosis. If you do have cataracts, you can trust your vision care to us.

What Causes Cataracts?

Most cataracts develop when aging or injury changes the tissue that makes up the eye’s lens. Proteins and fibers in the lens begin to break down and clump together causing vision to become hazy or cloudy. Cataracts typically occur in both eyes, but they may not develop at the same rate.

While there’s no surefire way to prevent cataracts, there are some risk factors to be aware of:

  • Excessive exposure to UV rays
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • Previous eye issues, surgery, or injury
  • Prolonged use of steroid medications
  • Excessive alcohol consumption

Wearing sunglasses, eating a healthy diet, managing any health conditions, quitting smoking, and reducing your alcohol use may also help prevent or slow the progression of cataracts.

Come See Us!

The most important thing you can do if  you suspect you may have cataracts is to book an appointment to visit our expert eye doctors and surgeons at Tyson Eye.

Tyson Eye is regarded as one of the premier eye care centers in Southwest Florida. Our surgeons and doctors have helped thousands of people enjoy better vision and have consistently introduced break-through technology – such as our bladeless laser cataract surgery – to the area. We are committed to excellence by delivering modern technology with old fashioned concern. We’re here to help you see better! Call us at 239-542-2020 today or request an appointment.